A data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies and diverse connections to other computing resources through a high-speed network connection. Data centers are used by telecommunication companies, cable television operators, Internet service providers (ISPs), governmental institutions and large enterprises in sectors that require huge amounts of data for easy access. Businesses can manage their increasing need for information storage by hosting the server on an external local area network via “cloud computing”. The demand of consumers for mobile applications has created a need for more efficient data centers.
It is of utmost importance to select the right location of a data center, as it directly impacts its success and long-term viability. Different locations offer different advantages that can be beneficial in one way or another depending on the business objectives of the company. A few considerations when choosing an ideal location for your data center are – building construction elements, available utilities, and labor supply availability, and cost benefits.
Building Construction Elements:
Server rooms should have sound absorption over box closets and raised floors with air distribution systems capable enough to handle changes in heat dissipation rates due to rack power usage changes during heavy use hours. It’s also necessary to keep in mind that humidity levels should not reach critical ranges as this can affect circuit boards.
Best utility companies for electrical power are those with the least number of outages and blackouts, as servers will go down in case there’s a power outage. Outages will also result in loss of equipment if the server is not equipped to handle short-term power failures. The electric company should have access to extra capacity so that it can handle your data center loads without compromising on its own performance during peak times. Your data center must be provided with clean lines at the proper voltage by the utility company or else no amount of backup power will suffice.
Other important elements are fire suppression system, hot aisle containment system, video surveillance systems, back-up flood prevention sub-pump tank with alarm, back-up power generators, uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), and diesel generator sets.
Labour Supply Availability and Cost Benefits:
There will be extra costs involved in this case as you’ll have to ensure onsite availability of skilled workers during outages or plan downtime on Saturdays or late nights when salary costs are less. The cost benefits of hosting the data center near these facilities can be offset by high labor costs which further deteriorate the already present problem of building additional infrastructure to support it at site.
An ideal location for your data center is one that balances between these considerations with an emphasis on your business needs. Once you’ve made your choice, make sure that its design caters to these needs precisely and provides for further expansion if needed.
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